Wade O. Watanabe, Ph.D.

Dr. Wade Watanabe

Wade O. Watanabe, Ph.D.

Research Professor and Aquaculture Program Coordinator
Mariculture Program Leader, Marine Biotechnology in North Carolina

Center for Marine Science
University of North Carolina Wilmington
601 S. College Rd.
Wilmington, NC 28403-5927

Tel: 910-962-2941
Fax: 910-962-2868
Email: watanabew@uncw.edu

Background and Current Research:

Dr. Wade O. Watanabe is currently a Research Professor with the Center for Marine Science at UNCW where he is Coordinator of the Center's Aquaculture Program. Dr. Watanabe is also Mariculture Program Leader for MARBIONC, a private-public business incubator at UNCW-CMS. Dr. Watanabe's background is in the area of general finfish aquaculture. He has published extensively in the areas of controlled breeding, larval culture, and juvenile growout of various freshwater and marine finfish species. He has conducted research in Asia, the Pacific, the Caribbean as well as in the US and with a variety of species including freshwater prawns, carp, tilapias, grey mullet, milkfish, Nassau grouper, red drum, summer and southern flounder, mutton snapper, black sea bass and red porgy. At UNCW, Dr. Watanabe's current research focuses on marine finfish aquaculture research and commercial development, including experimental breeding, larval culture and live feeds production, intensive growout of new species, and waste management and nutrient recycling through integrated multi-trophic aquaculture, including polyculture of finfish, microalgae, shellfish, and salt-tolerants plants. He is currently conducting collaborative research on intensive recirculating aquaculture system design and operation, economics and marketing of aquaculture production, and transfer of technology to commercial practitioners through pilot-scale demonstration projects. Dr. Watanabe currently serves as Associate Editor for the Journal of the World Aquaculture Society and TheScientific World Journal, Publications Chair of the U.S. Aquaculture Society, and a member of the Science Advisory Board for the Monterey Bay Aquarium Seafood Watch Program.

Education:

B.S.:

1973, Zoology, Oregon State University, Corvallis.

M.S.:

1975, Zoology, University of Hawaii, Honolulu.

Ph.D:

1982, Zoology, University of Hawaii.

Professional Experience:

1999-present

2004-present

Research Professor, Aquaculture Program Coordinator, University of North Carolina Wilmington, Center for Marine Science

Program Leader for Mariculture, Marine Biotechnology in North Carolina (MARBIONC)

1997-1999

Associate Research Scientist, University of North Carolina Wilmington

1996

Chief Scientist, Sea Change Foundation, Vero Beach, Florida

1986-1995

Chief Scientist, Caribbean Marine Research Center, Vero Beach, Florida and Lee Stocking Island, Bahamas.

1982-1985

Marine Biologist, International Center for Living Aquatic Resources Management (ICLARM), Manila, Philippines

1976-1981

Research Assistant, Oceanic Institute, Hawaii

1975

Graduate Research Assistant, Hawaii Institute of Marine Biology

Fellowships:

1982-1985

Rockefeller Foundation Post-doctoral Research Fellow, International Center for Living Aquatic Resources Management, Manila, Philippines.

1977-1981

Jessie Smith Noyes Foundation Pre-doctoral Fellow, Oceanic Institute, Hawaii.

Teaching:

1983-1984:

Visiting Lecturer, National Sun Yat Sen University and National Taiwan University, Taiwan

1991-1996:

Graduate Faculty (Adjunct), Department of Biological Sciences, Florida Institute of Technology, Melbourne, Florida.

1997-Present:

Lecturer, Department of Biological Sciences, UNCW (BIO 486/591; Advanced Topics: Finfish Mariculture). Graduate Faculty, Department of Biology and Marine Biology and Marine Sciences.

Selected Publications (1995-present):

Watanabe, W.O. 1995. Aquaculture of the Florida pompano (Trachinotus carolinus) and other jacks (family Carangidae) in the western Atlantic, Gulf of Mexico, and Caribbean Basin: status and potential. In: K.L. Main and C. Rosenfeld, editors, Culture of High-Value Marine Fishes in Asia and the United States. Proceedings of the Fifth International Asian Interchange Workshop. The Oceanic Institute, Honolulu, Hawaii.

Watanabe, W.O., S.C. Ellis, E.P. Ellis, W.D. Head, C.D. Kelley, A. Moriwake, C.-S. Lee and P.K. Bienfang. 1995. Progress in controlled breeding of Nassau grouper (Epinephelus striatus) broodstock by hormone induction. Aquaculture 138: 205-219.

Watanabe, W.O., E.P. Ellis, S.C. Ellis, V.G. Lopez, J. Ginoza and A. Moriwake. 1996. Evaluation of first-feeding regimes for larval Nassau grouper (Epinephelus. striatus) and preliminary pilot-scale culture through metamorphosis. Journal of the World Aquaculture Society 27: 323-331.

Watanabe, W.O., M.W. Feeley, S.C. Ellis, E.P. Ellis and R.A. Cooper. 1998. Light intensity and salinity effects on eggs and yolksac larvae of the summer flounder Paralichthys dentatus. Progressive Fish-Culturist 60: 9-19 (American Fisheries Society Best Paper Award for 1999 in N.A. Journal of Aquaculture).

Watanabe, W.O., E.P. Ellis, S.C. Ellis, J. Chavez, C. Mandfredi, R.W. Hagood, M. Sparsis and S. Arneson. 1998. Artificial propagation of mutton snapper Lutjanus analis a new candidate marine fish species for aquaculture. Journal World Aquaculture Society 29: 176-187.

Watanabe, W.O., E.P. Ellis, S.C. Ellis and M.W. 1998. Progress in controlled maturation and spawning of summer flounder Paralichthys dentatus broodstock. Journal of the World Aquaculture Society 29: 393-404.

Watanabe, W.O., S. C. Ellis, E. P. Ellis and M.W. Feeley. 1999. Temperature effects on eggs and yolksac larvae of the summer flounder Paralichthys dentatus at different salinities. North American Journal of Aquaculture 61: 267-277. (Nominee American Fisheries Society Best Paper Award for 1999 in N.A. Journal of Aquaculture).

Watanabe, W.O., P. M. Carroll and H.V. Daniels. 2001. Sustained, natural spawning of southern flounder (Paralichthys lethostigma) broodstock under an extended photothermal regime. Journal of the World Aquaculture Society 32: 153-166.

Watanabe, W.O. 2001. Species profile: Mutton snapper. Southern Regional Aquaculture Center. Texas A & M University. SRAC Pub. No. 725. 10 pp.

Watanabe, W.O., S.C. Ellis and J. Chaves. 2001. Effects of dietary lipid and energy to protein ratio on growth and feed utilization of juvenile mutton snapper (Lutjanus analis) fed isonitrogenous diets at two temperatures. Journal of the World Aquaculture Society 32: 30-40.

Copeland, K.A., W.O. Watanabe and P.M. Carroll. 2002. Growth and feed utilization of captive wild-caught black sea bass Centropristis striata fed practical diets in a recirculating tank system under a semi-controlled temperature regime. Journal of the World Aquaculture Society 33: 97-109.

Watanabe, W.O., T. M. Losordo, K. Fitzsimmons and F. Hanley. 2002. Tilapia production systems in the Americas: technological advances, trends and challenges. Reviews in Fisheries Science 10: 465-498.

Watanabe, W.O., T.I.J. Smith, D.L. Berlinsky, C.A. Woolridge, K.R. Stuart, K.A. Copeland and M.R. Denson. 2003. Volitional spawning of black sea bass Centropristis striata induced with pelleted luteinizing hormone releasing hormone-analogue. Journal of the World Aquaculture Society 34: 319-331.

Henne, J.P. and W.O. Watanabe. 2003. Effects of light intensity and salinity on growth, survival and osmoregulatory ability of southern flounder larvae Paralichthys lethostigma. Journal of the World Aquaculture Society 34: 450-465.

Daniels, H.V. and W.O. Watanabe. 2003. A practical hatchery manual: Production of southern flounder fingerlings. North Carolina Sea Grant. 40 pp.

Copeland, K.A., W.O. Watanabe, P.M. Carroll, K.S. Wheatley, and T.M. Losordo. 2003. Growth and feed utilization of captive wild black sea bass Centropristis striata at four different densities in a recirculating tank system. Journal of the World Aquaculture Society 34: 300-307.

Moustakas, C. Th., W.O. Watanabe and K.A. Copeland. 2004. Combined effects of photoperiod and salinity on growth, survival, and osmoregulatory ability of southern flounder Paralichthys lethostigma. Aquaculture 229: 159-179.

Watanabe, W.O., D.D. Benetti, M.W. Feeley, D. A. Davis and R.P. Phelps. 2005. Status of artificial propagation of mutton, yellowtail and red snapper (family Lutjanidae) in the southeastern U.S. In: A.M. Kelly, editor. Aquaculture in the 21st Century. American Fisheries Society. American Fisheries Society Symposium. American Fisheries Society. Bethesda, Maryland. Symposium 46: 517-540.

Carroll, P.M., W.O. Watanabe and T.M. Losordo. 2005. Pilot production of hatchery-reared summer flounder in a marine recirculating aquaculture system: the effects of ration level on growth, feed conversion, and survival. Journal of the World Aquaculture Society 36: 120-128.

Watanabe, W.O., K. Fitzsimmons and Yang Yi. 2005. Farming of tilapia in saline waters. Chapter 10 In C. Webster and C. Lim, eds. Tilapia: Biology, Culture and Nutrition. The Haworth Press, Inc., Binghamton, NY.

Copeland, K.A., W.O. Watanabe and C. Dumas. 2005. Economic evaluation of a small-scale recirculating system for ongrowing of captive wild black sea bass Centropristis striata in North Carolina. Journal World Aquaculture Society 36: 489-497.

Watanabe, W.O. and G. Miller. 2006. Nassau Grouper. Book Chapter in Aquaculture Compendium 2006 Edition. CAB International. Available on CD-ROM and the Internet. www/cabicompendium.org/ac

Watanabe, W.O., Woolridge, C.A. and H.V. Daniels. 2006. Progress toward year-round spawning of southern flounder broodstock by manipulation of temperature and photoperiod. Journal of the World Aquaculture Society 37: 256-272.

Copeland, K.A., Watanabe, W.O. and Yates, J.K. 2006. Light intensity effects on early life stages of black sea bass, Centropristis striata. Aquaculture Research 37: 1458-1463.

Morgan, A.J., R. Murashige, C.A. Woolridge, J.A. Luckenbach, W.O. Watanabe, R.J. Borski, and H.V. Daniels. 2006. Effective UV dose and pressure shock for induction of meiotic gynogenesis in southern flounder (Paralichthys lethostigma) using black sea bass (Centropristis striata) sperm. Aquaculture 259:290-299.

Mangino, A. and W.O. Watanabe. 2007. Combined effects of turbulence and salinity on growth, survival and whole-body osmolality of larval southern flounder. Journal World Aquaculture Society 37: 407-418.

Bentley, C.D., P.M. Carroll, A.M. Riedel and W.O. Watanabe. 2008. Intensive rotifer production in a pilot-scale continuous culture recirculating system using condensed microalgae. Journal of the World Aquaculture Society 39: 625-635.

Morris, J.A Jr., T. C. Rezek, N.A. McNeill and W.O. Watanabe. 2008. Aquaculture of the Atlantic Red Porgy. North American Journal of Aquaculture 70: 184-191.

Alam, M.S., Watanabe, W.O., and Daniels, H.V. 2008. Effect of different dietary protein and lipid levels on growth performance and body composition of juvenile southern flounder (Paralichthys lethostigma) reared in recirculating aquaculture system, Journal of the World Aquaculture Society 40(4): 513-521.

Bentley, C.D., W.O. Watanabe, T.C. Rezek, and P.J. Seaton. 2009. Preliminary investigations on the effects of dietary lipid on the spawning performance and egg quality of black sea bass Centropristis striata L. Aquaculture Research 40(16): 1873-1883.

Alam, M. S., W. O. Watanabe, and H. V. Daniels. 2009. Effect of different dietary protein and lipid levels on growth performance and body composition of black sea bass Centropristis striata during grow out in a pilot scale recirculating aquaculture system, Aquaculture Research 40(4): 442-449.

Rezek, T.C., W.O. Watanabe, M. Harel and P.J. Seaton. 2010. The effects of dietary docosahexaenoic acid (22:6n-3) and arachidonic acid (20:4n-6) on growth, survival and stress resistance in black sea bass (Centropristis striata) larvae. Aquaculture Research 41: 1273-1412.

Daniels, H.V., W.O. Watanabe, R. Murashige, T. Losordo and C. Dumas. 2010. Chapter 5. Culture of southern flounder, pp. 82-100, In Practical Flatfish Culture and Stock Enhancement, H.V. Daniels and W.O. Watanabe, editors. Wiley-Blackwell Publishers, Ames, Iowa. 366 pp.

Watanabe, W.O. and H.V. Daniels. 2010. Chapter 18, Practical Flatfish Culture and Stock Enhancement: Summary and conclusions, pp. 323-354: In Practical Flatfish Culture and Stock Enhancement, H.V. Daniels and W.O. Watanabe, editors. Wiley-Blackwell Publishers, Ames, Iowa. 366 pp.

Burpee, J.L., Bardsley, E.L., Dillaman, R.M., Watanabe, W.O. and Kinsey, S.T. 2010. Scaling with body mass of mitochondrial respiration from the white muscle of three phylogenetically, morphologically and behaviorally disparate teleost fishes. Journal of Comparative Physiology B180: 967-977.

Daniels, H.V. and W.O. Watanabe (Editors). 2010. Practical Flatfish Culture and Stock Enhancement. Wiley-Blackwell Publishers, Ames, Iowa. 366 pp.

Watanabe, W.O., P.M. Carroll, T.C. Rezek, A. R. Myers, C.D. Bentley and M.S. Alam. (In Press). Production of Black Sea Bass Fingerlings: A Practical Hatchery Manual. North Carolina Sea Grant, Raleigh, North Carolina. UNC-SG-10-06.

Watanabe, W.O. 2011. Species profile: Black Sea Bass. Southern Regional Aquaculture Center. Texas A & M University. SRAC Publication No. 7207. October 2011.

Alam, M.S., W.O. Watanabe, A.R. Myers, T.C. Rezek, P.M. Carroll and S. Longfellow. 2011. Effects of replacement of menhaden fish meal protein by solvent-extracted soybean meal protein supplemented with or without l-methionine and l-lysine in the diet of juvenile southern flounder. North American Journal of Aquaculture 73:3, 350-359.

Alam, M.S., W.O. Watanabe, K.B. Sullivan, T.C. Rezek and P.J. Seaton. In Press. Replacement of menhaden fish meal protein by solvent extracted soybean meal protein in the diet of juvenile black sea bass Centropristis striata supplemented with or without squid meal, krill meal, methionine and lysine. North American Journal of Aquaculture.

 

Selected Meetings Attended and Papers Presented with UNCW MMS graduate students as co-author:

Paper entitled “Further investigations on induced volitional spawning of black sea bass with pelleted LHRH-a”by A. White, W.O. Watanabe, and T.I.J. Smith, presented at Aquaculture 2004, Honolulu, Hawaii. (U.S. Aquaculture Society Best Student Abstract award to A. White)

Paper entitled “The effects of dietary arachidonic acid (20:4 n-6) on growth, survival, stress resistance and Na,K,ATPase expression in larval black sea bass (Centropristis striata), by J.K. Carrier, W.O. Watanabe, M. Harel, T. C. Rezek, T.H. Shafer, P. J. Seaton, and R.D. Roer, presented at World Aquaculture 2007, Feb. 2007, San Antonio, TX. (US Aquaculture Society Best Student Abstract award to J.K. Carrier)

Poster paper entitled “Preliminary investigations on the effects of dietary lipid level on spawning performance and egg quality in black sea bass, 2006, by C.D. Bentley, T.C. Rezek and W.O. Watanabe, presented at Aqua America 2006, Las Vegas, Nevada. (US Aquaculture Society Best Student Poster award to C.D. Bentley)

Paper entitled “Salinity and temperature effects on growth, survival, whole-body osmolality, and mRNA expression of Na+, K+, ATPase on larval red porgy Pagrus pagrus, presented by A.D. Ostrowski, F. A. Montgomery, T.C. Rezek, T.H. Shafer, J.A. Morris Jr. and W.O. Watanabe, at Aqua America 2009, February 2009, Seattle, Washington. (US Aquaculture Society-American Fisheries Society Fish Culture Section Best Student Abstract award to A. Ostrowski)

Paper entitled “Laboratory culture of the diatom Chaetoceros gracilis using effluent from an intensive marine recirculating aquaculture system for black sea bass Centropristis striata”, by D.M. Allen and W.O. Watanabe, presented at Aqua America 2009 February, 2009, Seattle, Washington. (US Aquaculture Society Best Student Abstract award to D. Allen)

Presentation entitled "Effects of poultry by-product meal protein substitution for fish meal protein on growth performance, body composition, and digestibility of juvenile black sea bass Centropristis striata" by M.R. Dawson*, M.S. Alam, and W.O. Watanabe, presented at World Aquaculture Society Conference, March 2010, San Diego, CA. Student Travel Award from the American Fisheries Society Fish Culture Section and US Aquaculture Society Best Student Abstract award to M. Dawson.


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