published in Dreiser Studies 23.2 (Fall 1992). ę
1992 Dreiser Studies
The following bibliography replaces the annual checklist of work on
Dreiser that has appeared in the Dreiser Newsletter and Dreiser
Studies since 1971. It is the first of what is planned to be an
ongoing series of annual supplements to Theodore Dreiser: A Primary
Bibliography and Reference Guide by Donald Pizer, Richard W. Dowell,
and Frederic E. Rusch. Published by G.K. Hall in 1991, the Pizer,
Dowell, and Rusch bibliography provides a comprehensive record of
publications by and about Dreiser through 1989. The supplements are
intended to aid Dreiser scholars and enhance Dreiser scholarship by
keeping that record up-to-date.
1990 Supplement to Theodore Dreiser:
Bibliography and Reference Guide
Frederic E. Rusch
Indiana State University
Nancy Warner Barrineau
Pembroke State University
This bibliography is a supplement to the record of Dreiser's
publications and of writing about him that appeared in Theodore
Dreiser: A Primary Bibliograpy and Reference Guide, by Donald Pizer,
Richard W. Dowell, and Frederic E. Rusch (Boston, 1991). The
organization, format, and editorial policies for the bibliography are
the same as those used in the work it supplements.
The supplement covers only writings by and about Theodore Dreiser
that appeared in 1990. Publications from earlier years that were omitted
from the Pizer, Dowell and Rusch bibliography as well as works from 1990
that were overlooked for inclusion in this supplement will be published
in a list of addenda and corrigenda at some later date.
Writings by Theodore Dreiser
A00-1 SISTER CARRIE
1990 - New York: Harcourt Brace Jovanovich (included in 8
Classic American Novels, edited by David Madden, pp.1053-1320).
1990 - "Typhoon" (included in The Heath Anthology of
American Literature. Vol. 2. Lexington, Mass: D. C. Heath, pp.
1127-54).Note: A new text reconstructed by James M. Hutchisson
from surviving manuscripts and typescripts.
Writings About Theodore Dreiser
1 AARON, DANIEL. "Brother Theodore." New Republic
203 (12 November): 34-37, 40.
Finds Lingeman's two volume biography of Dreiser (1986.26 and
1990.22) "the fullest and best informed . . . to date"
because, unlike Swanberg (1965.39), who focused on the "extraliterary
Dreiser," Lingeman examines Dreiser the writer as well and thus
"deepens the reader's understanding of both."
2 BARRINEAU, NANCY WARNER. "The Search for Ev'ry Month:
An Update." Dreiser Studies 21 (Spring): 31-34.
Documents the fifty-year search for Ev'ry Month under
Dreiser's 24 month editorship and provides an inventory of library
locations for the 21 available numbers.
3 BIGELOW, BLAIR F. Review of Journalism: Vol. 1. American
Literary Realism 23 (Fall): 84-85.
4 CAMPBELL, DONNA M. "Repudiating the `Age of the Carved
Cherry-Stones': The Naturalists' Reaction Against Women's Local Color
Fiction." Ph.D. dissertation, University of Kansas, 431 pp.
Includes Dreiser among naturalist writers who, because of both
their literary credo and their gender, rebelled against the domination
of late nineteenth-century fiction by local color writers. See Dissertation
Abstracts International 51A (1991): 3741A.
5 DE LA PERRIERE, EARLEEN. "Sister Carrie, Sisters in Sable
Skin, and Gestures of Exclusion." Dreiser Studies 21 (Fall):
Places Carrie in the context of black women living in her era and
culture and argues that although she is a passive character who never
entirely overcame social exclusion, she was nonetheless much more
privileged than these contemporaries, who often had neither the
support of men nor good luck. (Abridgement of a paper delivered at the
1990 "Working Girls" Conference at SUNY Brockport)
6 ELIAS, ROBERT H. "Dreiser's Long Foreground." Review
Review of Theodore Dreiser's "Heard in the Corridors,"
Theodore Dreiser: Journalism. Volume One, and Selected
Magazine Articles of Theodore Dreiser.
7 FABRE, MICHEL. Richard Wright: Books and Writers. Jackson:
University Press of Mississippi, pp. 41-42.
Lists titles of works by Dreiser owned by Wright and quotes
passages from Wright's writings that mention Dreiser and/or his works.
8 FECHER, CHARLES. "The Dreiser Paradox." Chicago
Tribune Books, 16 September, p. 1.
Asserts that Lingeman's two volume biography of Dreiser (1986.26
and 1990.22) does not make the biographies of Elias (1949.6) and
Swanberg (1965.39) obsolete, but it is the definitive one as it
"admirably" covers the paradoxes in Dreiser's life and
thought along with his "turbulent relationships with his
publishers . . . and his intricate sex life."
9 FLUCK, WINFRIED. "Modelle der Relation: American Studies,
Theodore Dreiser's Roman An American Tragedy und dessen
Verfilmungen." Amerikastudien/American Studies 35, no. 2:
Uses An American Tragedy and its film versions to discuss
how theoretical models of "relation" and their cultural
"pre-texts" are mutually limiting.
10 GERBER, PHILIP L. "The Doings at Brockport." Dreiser
Studies 21 (Fall): 1-13.
Describes the behind-the-scenes preparations made by Gerber (guest
editor of this issue of Dreiser Studies) for "Working
Girls: Sister Carrie at Ninety," a conference held October 25-26,
including papers, films, and a discussion which led to the Dreiser
11 GOGOL, MIRIAM. "Dreiser's Search for a `Religion of Life': A
Psychoanalytic Reading," Dreiser Studies 21 (Spring): 21-30.
Connects Dreiser's abandonment of The Bulwark in 1914 and
return to it at the end of his life with his effort to be reconciled
with his dead father and, thus, with God as "father."
12 ___. "The `Genius': Dreiser's Testament to
Convention." CLA Journal 33: 402-14.
Claims Witla's suffering for rebelling against the norms of society
and his discovery that "he can will himself to do anything
he chooses" indicate that, contrary to the views of most critics,
The "Genius" does not present an argument against
middle-class conventions, and it "only seems naturalistic."
13 HAKUTANI, YOSHINOBU. "Dreiser's Romantic Tendencies." Dreiser
Studies 21 (Fall): 40-45.
Compares the 1900 first edition and the 1981 Pennsylvania Edition
of Sister Carrie to demonstrate that the former emphasizes
Carrie's romantic individualism while the latter restores the original
naturalism of Dreiser's manuscript. (Abridgement of a paper delivered
at the 1990 "Working Girls" Conference at SUNY Brockport)
14 HAMILTON, IAN. Writers in Hollywood, 1915-1951. New York:
Harper & Row, pp. 53-56.
Traces Dreiser's battle with Paramount over the filming of An
American Tragedy; describes the dispute as "a complicated
tale of greed and amour propre."
*15 HART, JEFFREY. "Dreiser Hailed as Writer of the City." Washington
Times, 7 May. The Last Word.
Source: Menckeniana, no. 116 (1990): 16.
16 HOWE, IRVING. "Dreiser: The Springs of Desire." In Selected
Writings, 1950-1990. New York: Harcourt Brace Jovanovich, pp.
Reprint of 1964.l3
17 HUSSMAN, LAWRENCE E., JR. "Dreiser's (Bad) Luck with
Hollywood." Dreiser Studies 21 (Fall): 14-16.
Provides a transcript of introductions to An American Tragedy
(1931), A Place in the Sun (1951), and Carrie (1952)
(three films shown at the SUNY Brockport conference on Dreiser), in
which Hussman discusses censorship, the quality of the adaptations,
and the movies' treatment of women.
18 KAZIN, ALFRED. "Awkward but Immortal." New York Times
Book Review, 30 September, pp. 1, 40-41.
Calls Richard Lingeman's biography (1990.22) "a fascinating
documentation of the most troubled life led by any important modern
American writer"; that it fails to analyze and explain Dreiser's
gift is the result of Dreiser's being "so profoundly alienated
that he stood outside of everything we are used to and mechanically
19 LEHAN, RICHARD. "The Theoretical Limits of the New
Historicism." New Literary History 21: 533-53.
Illustrates weaknesses in Walter Benn Michaels' reading of Sister
Carrie (1987.34) in the course of pointing out problems in the
assumptions of new historicism and the representational school of
20 LIMON, JOHN. "After the Revolutions: Brown and Dreiser, Poe
and Pynchon, Hawthorne and Mailer." In The Place of Fiction in
the Time of Science: A Disciplinary History of American Writing.
Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, pp. 160-89.
Pairs Dreiser and Charles Brockden Brown in a chapter which
concludes that, though Spencer and Darwin apparently influenced the
Dreiser of Sister Carrie, his novel in actuality "fends
off . . . the model of scientific history." Drawing evidence from
Drouet, who does not evolve, and Carrie, who moves but does not
progress, argues that the novel "connects Dreiser to a literary
tradition that itself does not evolve."
21 LINGEMAN, RICHARD. "Another American Tragedy." New
York Times, 22 January, p. 15.
Points out the parallels between An American Tragedy and the
Charles Stuart murder case in Boston.
22 ___. Theodore Dreiser: An American Journey, 1908-1945. New
York: Putnam's, 544 pp.
Volume II of a two-volume biography. Continues 1986.26 beginning
with Dreiser's years as editor-in-chief of Butterick publications and
ending with his Hollywood funeral.
23 MCKELLY, JAMES CRISLEY. "True Wests: Twentieth Century
Portraits of the Artist as a Young American." Ph.D. dissertation,
Indiana University, 198 pp.
Includes Eugene Witla of The "Genius" in its
survey of protagonists who answer the call made by Whitman in his 1881
essay "Poetry of the Future" for a new kind of American
artist. See Dissertation Abstracts International 52A (1991):
24 MICHAELS, WALTER BENN. "The Contracted Heart." New
Literary History 21: 495-531.
Devotes one of three studies dealing with the emergence of women
from domesticity to showing how historical changes in the position of
women in relation to consumption and the right to privacy are
reflected in Sister Carrie and works by Kate Chopin and
Charlotte Perkins Gilman.
25 MITGANG, HERBERT. "An American Writer and the Passions in His
Art." New York Times, 10 October, p. C20.
Notes that the second volume of Lingeman's biography (1990.22)
"skillfully interweaves a good deal of social, literary and
political history" and that it is "especially revealing in
its research into `An American Tragedy.'"
26 MUKHERJEE, ARUN P. "Sister Carrie at Ninety: An Indian
Response." Dreiser Studies 21 (Fall): 27-39.
Argues that the canon in both India and Canada and critical
discourse in the United States have excluded Dreiser and other
realists who wrote about the inequities of race, class, and gender and
tried to inspire their readers to change society. (Transcript of a
paper delivered at the 1990 "Working Girls" Conference at
27 MURAYAMA, KIYOHIKO. "DoraisÔ to R˘do-Kaikyu [Dreiser and
the Laboring Classes]," in Kaikyű Ishiki to Amerika Shakai
[Class Consciousness in American Society]. Edited by K˘ichi
Ogawa and Katayama Atsushi. Tokyo: Bokutaku-sha, pp. 261-78.
28 NELSON, BERTIL C. "William James' Concept of the Self and the
Fictive Psychology of Theodore Dreiser in Sister Carrie." Essays
in Arts and Sciences 19 (May): 44-64.
Discusses the psychology Dreiser uses to interpret Hurstwood,
Drouet, and Carrie in relation to William James' explanation of the
material Me, the social Me and the spiritual Me in his concept of the
29 "New Light on Dreiser: A Summary of Session Four." Dreiser
Studies 21 (Fall): 17-18.
Abstracts papers presented by James L.W. West III, Nancy Warner
Barrineau, and Leonard Cassuto at the 1990 "Working Girls"
Conference at SUNY Brockport.
30 NOZAKI, TAKASHI. "DoraisÔ, Shid˘ [Dreiser, Theodore],"
in Z˘ Ho Kaitei Shinch˘ Sekai Bungaku Jiten [The Shinch˘
Dictionary of World Literature]. Rev. and enlg. ed. Tokyo:
Shinch˘-sha, pp. 727-28.
*31 NYE, DAVID E. "Theodore Dreiser's Subversion of the Novel of
Social Reform." In Studies in Modern Fiction: Presented to Bent
Nordhjem on His 70th Birthday, 31 May 1990. Edited by Eric Jacobson,
Jorgan Erik Nielsen, Bruce Clunies Ross, and James Stewart. Copenhagen:
Faculty of Humanities, University of Copenhagen, pp. 33-48.
Source: MLA Bibliography.
32 OSTWALT, CONRAD E., JR. After Eden: The Secularization of
American Space in the Fiction of Willa Cather and Theodore Dreiser.
Lewisburg, Penn: Bucknell University Press, 160 pp.
Publication, revised, of 1987.44.
33 OURA, AKIO. "Amerika no Higeki no Seiritu [The Making
of An American Tragedy] (3)," Journal of the Faculty of
Literature, Chű˘ University (Japan) 66: 55-73.
34 RUSCH, FREDERIC E. "A Dreiser Checklist, 1988." Dreiser
Studies 21 (Spring): 35-41.
Lists work on Dreiser published in 1988 as well as items overlooked
by checklists in previous years.
35 SMITH, WENDY. Real Life Drama: The Group Theatre and America,
1931-1940. New York: Alfred A. Knopf, pp. 254-58 passim.
Focuses on Lee Strasberg's direction and problems with the set
design in a discussion of the Group Theatre's production of Case of
36 SPITLER, THERESA MARGARET. "The Dilemma of Superiority: The
Genius Character in American Fiction." Ph.D. dissertation,
University of Pennsylvania, 299 pp.
Illustrates how American writers starting with James and Clemens
struggled with the conflict between the genius and American society;
concludes that later writers like Dreiser create protagonists whose
naive expectations of social acceptance give way to unsuccessful
attempts at retaliation. See Dissertation Abstracts International
51A (1991): 4125A.
37 STENERSON, DOUGLAS C. "Mencken's Efforts to Reshape Dreiser
as Man and Artist." Dreiser Studies 21 (Spring): 2-20.
Chronicles the degeneration of Menchen and Dreiser's relationship
between 1915 and 1926 and asserts it was caused primarily by Mencken's
repeated attempts to make Dreiser fit a mold of Mencken's own making.
38 SZUBERLA, GUY. "Ladies, Gentlemen, Flirts, Mashers, Snoozers,
and the Breaking of Etiquette's Code." Prospects: An Annual of
American Cultural Studies 15: 169-96.
Includes Carrie's walks and her meeting with Drouet in chapter 6 of
Sister Carrie among the examples of the ways artists and
authors at the turn of the century "recoded the conventions and
gender roles that American culture, through its `street etiquette,'
had once decreed."
39 TAKEDA, MIYOKO. "Henry David Thoreau to Theodore Dreiser--Gensh˘-Kai
o Koete--[Henry David Thoreau and Theodore Dreiser--Beyond the
Phenomenal World--]," Henri S˘rou Ky˘kai Kaih˘
(Japan) 17: 11-16.
40 TRIGG, SALLY DAY. "Theodore Dreiser and the Criminal Justice
System in An American Tragedy," Studies in the Novel
Illustrates how, in Book Three of An American Tragedy,
Dreiser criticizes the American criminal justice system for the
unfairness in its mechanisms and in the social forces intertwined with
it, and "for the death penalty and the harrowing psychological
torture of Death Row."
41 WAGNER-MARTIN, LINDA. The Modern American Novel, 1914-1945.
Boston: Twayne, pp. 61-62 passim.
Finds that An American Tragedy "becomes less
naturalistic than it is modernistic" when it is examined in
relation to other novels of the 1920s.
42 WEIR, SYBIL. "A Bacchante Invades the American Home: The
Disappearance of the Sentimental Heroine, 1890-1910." In American
Literature, Culture, and Ideology: Essays in Memory of Henry Nash Smith.
Edited by Beverly R. Voloshin. New York: Peter Lang, pp. 191-218.
Briefly considers Dreiser in its discussion of the inversion of the
sentimental heroine at the turn of the century. Argues that in Sister
Carrie Dreiser "is most radical in his conception of the
social aspirant when he suggests that women as well as men can seek
material success without losing their moral credentials"; and
that in Jennie Gerhardt sexual submission, the essence of true
morality in women who lie "outside the social fabric of urban
America," is merely a variant of the self-sacrifice which the
nineteenth century extolled as a sentimental virtue.
43 WEST, JAMES L. W., III. "Theodore Dreiser," in Sixteen
Modern American Authors. Vol. 2: A Survey of Research and Criticism
Since 1972. Edited by Jackson R. Bryer. Durham: Duke University
Press, pp. 120-53.
Updates Robert Elias's bibliographical essay (1973.11) through
1985; includes a brief supplement for publications through 1988.
44 YARDLEY, JONATHAN. "Titan of American Realism." Washington
Post Book World, 30 September, p. 3.
Finds Lingeman does a good job presenting Dreiser's literary works
in the second volume of his biography (1990.22), but, unable to resist
the "temptations" of the massive documentary evidence on
Dreiser's life, he is "less successful" on other matters.