Part III - The Baroque Period

Pages 89-113, 121-144

·      (1600-1750)

·      Age of Absolutism

·      Age of Science

General Information

Baroque Music

·      Characteristics of Baroque Music

·      The Baroque Orchestra

Music in Baroque Society

·      The role of the "artist"

·      Court, Opera House, and Church

Instrumental Music

Concerto Grosso and Ritornello Form

·      Brandenburg Concerto No. 5, 1st mvt.

·      tutti

·      concertino

·      cadenza

·      ritornello form

·      continuo

The Fugue

·      Organ Fugue in G minor

·      subject

·      episodes

The Baroque Suite

·      Prelude

·      Dances in Binary Form

Vocal Music

Elements of Opera

·      libretto

·      recitative

·      aria

Opera in the Baroque Era

The Chorale and Church Cantata

The Oratorio

Composers

Antonio Vivaldi

·      The Four Seasons

Johann Sebastian Bach

George Frideric Handel

·      The Messiah

Characteristics

Rhythm

·  continuous, relentless, motoric,              

·  seamless

Dynamics

·  little if any, terraced

Timbre

·  continuo, (harpsichord, organ, lute)

·  Strings

·  Woodwinds

·  Vocal

Melody

·  notey, continuous, similar ideas

·  little exact repetition

·  asymmetrical phrases

·  sequences

Texture

·  polyphony predominates

·  homophony for contrast

·  Form

·  In general not so important

·  ritornello

·  binary

·  fantasy

·  fugue

Genre

·  concerto grosso, opera, oratorio,

·  cantata, suite, fugue

Harmony

·  major/minor tonal system

·  mostly consonant

·  occasional chromaticism

Emotion

·  unity of mood

·  single strong feeling of affection