Courses

The courses below have been approved for the University Studies curriculum starting in the fall of 2017 (as of 10/19/17). This list will be updated as USAC and Faculty Senate continue approving courses. Once the process of recertification has been finalized, we will post a spreadsheet of all approved courses and update the page so that it shows all approved courses in the University Studies curriculum.

Foundations

  • Composition
    • ENG 101 College Reading and Writing I
    • ENG 201 College Reading and Writing II
    • ENG 103 College Reading and Writing, Advanced
  • Lifetime Wellness
    • PED 101 Physical Activity and Wellness
  • Foreign Language
    • ARB 101 Introductory Arabic I
    • ARB 102 Introductory Arabic II
    • ARB 201 Intermediate Arabic I
    • ARB 202 Intermediate Arabic II
    • ASL 101 Introductory American Sign Language I
    • ASL 102 Introductory American Sign Language II
    • CHN 101 Introductory Chinese I
    • CHN 102 Introductory Chinese II
    • FRH 101 Introductory French I
    • FRH 102 Introductory French II
    • FRH 120 Fundamentals of French
    • FRH 201 Intermediate French I
    • FRH 202 Intermediate French II
    • FRH 301 French Conversation
    • FRH 302 Grammar and Composition I
    • FRH 303 Grammar and Composition II
    • GER 101 Introductory German I
    • GER 102 Introductory German II
    • GER 201 Intermediate German I
    • ITN 101 Introductory Italian I
    • ITN 102 Introductory Italian II
    • JPN 101 Introductory Japanese I
    • JPN 102 Introductory Japanese II
    • JPN 201 Intermediate Japanese I
    • JPN 202 Intermediate Japanese II
    • LAT 101 Introductory Latin I
    • LAT 102 Introductory Latin II
    • LAT 201 Intermediate Latin I
    • LAT 202 Intermediate Latin II
    • PRT 101 Introductory Portuguese I
    • PRT 102 Introductory Portuguese II
    • PRT 201 Intermediate Portuguese I
    • PRT 202 Intermediate Portuguese II
    • RUS 101 Introductory Russian I
    • RUS 102 Introductory Russian II
    • SPN 101 Introductory Spanish I
    • SPN 102 Introductory Spanish II
    • SPN 120 Fundamentals of Spanish
    • SPN 201 Intermediate Spanish I
    • SPN 202 Intermediate Spanish II
    • SPN 215 Intermediate Spanish for Bilingual Speakers I
    • SPN 315 Intermediate Spanish for Bilingual Speakers II
  • Mathematics and Statistics
    • MAT 101 Mathematics for Liberal Arts: A Contemporary Approach
    • MAT 111 Fundamentals of Algebra
    • MAT 112 Trigonometry
    • MAT 115 Precalculus
    • MAT 141 Concepts of Mathematics: Numbers, Operations
    • MAT 142 Concepts of Mathematics: Geometry, Measurement
    • MAT 151 Basic Calculus with Applications I
    • MAT 152 Basic Calculus with Applications II
    • MAT 161 Calculus with Analytic Geometry I
    • QMM 280 Statistical Analysis for Business and Economics
    • PBH 299 Introduction to Biostatistics
    • STT 210 Introduction to Statistics with Applications in Health
    • STT 215 Introduction to Statistics
  • First Year Seminar
    • UNI 101 First Year Seminar
    • HON 110 Honors Interdisciplinary First Year Seminar


Approaches and Perspectives

  • Aesthetic, Interpretive, and Literary Perspectives
    • ARH 201 Western Art, Renaissance through Modern
    • ARH 202 Western Art and Archaeology, Ancient through Medieval
    • ARH 203 Art of the Non-Western World
    • ARH 206 The Artist and Film
    • ART 105 Introduction to Studio Art for Non-Majors
    • CLA 209 Classical Literature in Translation
    • CLA 210 Mythology
    • COM 116 Performance of Literature
    • CRW 201 Introduction to Creative Writing
    • CRW 203 The Evolution of Creative Writing
    • ENG 110 Introduction to Literature
    • ENG 111 Introduction to Literature, Global Emphasis
    • ENG 209 Classical Literature in Translation
    • ENG 211 British Literature to 1800
    • ENG 212 British Literature Since 1800
    • ENG 225 World Literature to 1600
    • ENG 227 World Anglophone Literatures
    • ENG 230 Women in Literature
    • ENG 232 African American Literature
    • ENG 233 The Bible as Literature
    • ENG 290 Themes in Literature
    • ENG 292 Trial Course - Reading Media Critically: Netflix and Film
    • ENG 305 Professional Review Writing
    • FNA 101 Cultures of the World Through Music and Dance
    • FNA 102 Exploration in the Creative Process
    • FRH 306 Reading Strategies
    • FRH 319 Introduction to the Francophone World
    • FRH 385 Introduction to French Cinema
    • FST 110 Concepts in Film
    • FST 200 Introduction to Film Study
    • FST 210 Movie Makers and Scholars Series
    • GER 209 German Literature in Translation
    • GER 321 Introduction to German Literature
    • MUS 106 Exploring Music
    • MUS 111 Theory I
    • MUS 114 Choral Music Literature
    • MUS 115 Survey of Music Literature
    • MUS 116 History of Jazz
    • MUS 117 American Music
    • MUS 118 History of Rock
    • MUS 150 Survey of Western Art Music
    • MUS 184 Jazz Ensemble
    • MUS 185 Symphonic Band
    • MUS 186 Concert Choir
    • MUS 187 Orchestra
    • MUS 230 Women in Music
    • PED 136 Movement Exploration
    • PRT 210 Brazilian Literature in Translation
    • SPN 321 Introduction to Spanish Literature
    • SPN 322 Introduction to Spanish American Literature
    • SPN 323 Introduction to U.S. Latino Literature and Culture
    • SPN 421 Topics in Spanish Literature
    • THR 112 Introduction to Dance
    • THR 121 Introduction to Theater
    • THR 130 Improvisation
    • THR 136 Movement Exploration
    • THR 230 Acting for Non-Majors
    • WGS 230 Women in Film
    • WLC 230 Women in Film
  • Historical and Philosophical Approaches
    • ANT 207 Archaeology
    • CLA 210 Mythology
    • CLA 330 Women in Ancient Greece and Rome
    • HST 101 Western Civilization
    • HST 102 Western Civilization II
    • HST 103 Global History 1500-1848
    • HST 104 Introduction to Global History Since 1848
    • HST 105 U.S. History to 1865
    • HST 106 United States from 1865 to Present
    • HST 203 The Sea in History
    • HST 204 Women in Modern America
    • HST 205 History of Science I: Antiquity to the Scientific Revolution
    • HST 206 History of Science II: Modern Science
    • HST 207 Jewish History to 1492
    • HST 208 Jewish History from 1492 to the Present
    • HST 209 African American History
    • HST 270 Global Issues in Historical Perspective
    • INT 200 Global Capitalism and Its Discontents
    • MUS 351 Introduction to Music History I
    • MUS 352 Introduction to Music History II
    • PAR 101 Introduction to Philosophical Thinking
    • PAR 103 Introduction to Religion
    • PAR 115 Introduction to Ethics
    • PAR 125 Great Books of the World's Religions
    • PAR 201 History of Western Philosophy I
    • PAR 202 History of Western Philosophy II
    • PAR 205 American Philosophy
    • PAR 211 Philosophy of Human Nature
    • PAR 213 Existentialism
    • PAR 215 Bioethics
    • PAR 225 Women and Religion
    • PAR 230 Judaism, Christianity, Islam
    • PAR 232 Asian Religions
    • PAR 235 Introduction to the Old Testament
    • PAR 236 Introduction to the New Testament
    • PAR 238 History of Christianity I
    • PAR 240 History of Christianity II
    • PAR 336 New Testament Literature
    • PAR 363 Religion, Holocausts, and Genocides
  • Scientific Approaches to the Natural World
    • ANT 210 Physical Anthropology
    • BIO 105 Concepts in Modern Biology
    • BIO 150 Humans and Ecology
    • BIO 140 Human Physiology
    • BIO 160 Genetics in Human Affairs
    • BIO 170 Biology of the Sea
    • BIO 190 Microbes and Human Society
    • BIO 201 Principles of Biology: Cells
    • BIO 202 Principles of Biology: Biodiversity
    • BIO 240 Anatomy & Physiology I
    • BIOL 140 Human Physiology Lab
    • CHM 101 General Chemistry I
    • EVS 195 Introduction to Environmental Studies
    • EVS 195 Introduction to Environmental Studies Lab
    • EVS 205 Global Environmental Issues
    • EXS 216 Human Anatomy and Physiology I
    • EXS 217 Human anatomy and Physiology II
    • GGY 130 Introduction to Physical Geography
    • GGY 230 Introduction to Weather and Climate
    • GLY 101 Principles of Geology
    • GLY 120 Environmental Geology
    • GLY 125 Natural Disasters
    • GLY 135 Prehistoric Life
    • GLYL 100 Earth Systems Laboratory
    • GLYL 120 Environmental Geology Laboratory
    • OCN 150 Introduction to Oceanography
    • OCN 150L Introduction to Oceanography Lab
    • OCN 250 Coasts and Society
    • PHY 101 Elementary College Physics
    • PHY 104 Physics for Future Presidents
    • PHY 201 General Physics
    • PHY 260 Introduction to Astronomy
    • PSY 256 Brain and Behavior
  • Understanding Human Institutions and Behaviors
    • ANT 105 Introduction to Anthropology
    • ANT 205 Human Societies
    • ANT 206 Cultural Anthropology
    • ANT 207 Archaeology
    • CHHS 205 Introduction to Health & Human Services
    • CHHS 210 Creating Happiness and Well-being
    • COM 104 Concepts in Communication Studies
    • COM 105 Introduction to Communication Studies)
    • COM 220 Interpersonal Communication
    • CRM 105 Introduction to Criminal Justice
    • CRM 255 Criminology
    • CRM 256 Criminology
    • EBD 280 Entrepreneurship for Non-Business Majors
    • ECN 125 Survey of Economics
    • ECN 221 Principles of Microeconomics
    • ECN 222 Principles of Macroeconomics
    • ECN 250 Capitalism and the Global Market
    • EDN 203 Psychological Foundations of Teaching
    • GGY 140 Introduction to Human Geography
    • INT 105 Introduction to International Studies
    • INT 200 Global Capitalism and its Discontents
    • MGT 350 Principles of Management
    • PBH 105 Explorations in Public Health
    • PED 345 Childhood Obesity
    • PLS 101 American National Government
    • PLS 303 Political Behavior
    • PSY 105 Introduction to Psychology
    • SOC 105 Introduction to Sociology
    • SOC 215 Modern Social Problems
    • SOC 220 Sociology of Death and Dying
    • SOC 255 Criminology
    • SOC 256 Criminology: Writing Intensive
    • SOC 336 Sociology of Aging
    • SOC 337 Medical Sociology
    • SOC 346 Sociology of Religion
    • SOC 433 Sociology of Mental Illness
    • SWK 235 Introduction to Social Work and the Social Welfare System
    • SWK 335 Social Welfare Policies
  • Living in a Diverse Nation
    • ANT 208 Language and Culture
    • ANT 330 The Immigrant Experience
    • COM 116 Performance of Literature
    • COM 211 Storytelling and Culture
    • ECN 328 Public Finance
    • EDN 265 Culture, Advocacy, and Policy for ESL Teachers
    • EDN-EDNL 200 Teacher, School, and Society
    • ENG 230 Women in Literature
    • ENG 231 Theory and Practice of Hip Hop
    • ENG 232 African American Literature
    • ENG 344 U.S. Latino Literature
    • ENG 355 Ethnic Literature of the U.S.
    • ENG 357 African American Literary Tradition to 1945
    • ENG 358 African American Literary Tradition since 1945
    • ENG 373 Women’s Literary Traditions
    • ENG 385 Multicultural Young Adult Literature
    • GGY 382 Geography of North America
    • GRN 101 Introduction to Gerontology
    • HON 211 Honors Topical Seminar
    • HST 105 United States History to 1865
    • HST 106 United States from 1865 to Present
    • HST 250 North Carolina Indian History
    • HST 204/237 Women in Modern America
    • HST 209 African American History
    • HST 280 History of Surfing
    • MGT 350 Principles of Management
    • MUS 116 History of Jazz
    • MUS 117 American Music
    • MUS 184 Jazz Ensemble
    • NSG 408 Population and Community Health Nursing
    • PAR 205 American Philosophy
    • PAR 225 Women and Religion
    • PAR 242 Religion in America
    • PLS 341 Latino Politics
    • PLS 351 Urban Government and Politics
    • PSY 271 Psychology of Human Diversity
    • RTH 286 Assistance Dog Training
    • RTH 372 Recreation Therapy in Behavioral Health
    • SOC 304 Popular Culture
    • SOC 325 Racial and Ethnic Group Relations
    • SOC 336 Sociology of Aging
    • SOC 346 Sociology of Religion
    • SOC 350 Gender and Society
    • SPN 215 Intermediate Spanish for Bilingual Speakers I
    • SPN 315 Intermediate Spanish for Bilingual Speakers II
    • SPN 323 Introduction to U.S. Latino Literature and Culture
    • SWK 355 Issues in Diversity for Generalist Practice
    • THR 369 American Canon
    • WGS 210 Introduction to Women's and Gender Studies
    • WGS 212 Sexuality and Gender
    • WGS 280 Special Topics in Women's and Gender Studies
  • Living in a Global Society
    • ANT 105 Introduction to Anthropology
    • ANT 190/HST 190 History Unlimited: A Short History of Nearly Everything
    • ANT 206 Cultural Anthropology
    • ANT 327 Globalization and Cultural Change
    • BIO 150 Humans and Ecology
    • BIO 160 Genetics in Human Affairs
    • COM 344 Intercultural Communication
    • CRW 314 Theory and Practice of Literary Translation
    • ECN 326 Comparative Economic Systems
    • ENG 111 Introduction to Literature Global Emphasis
    • ENG 225 World Literature to 1600
    • ENG 227 World Anglophone Literatures
    • ENG 341 Postcolonial and Third World Literature
    • ENG 370 European Literature to 1900
    • EVS 195 Introduction to Environmental Studies
    • EVS 205 Global Environmental Issues
    • FNA 101 Cultures of the World Through Music and Dance
    • FRH 306 Reading Strategies
    • FRH 319 Introduction to the Francophone World
    • FRH 412 The Francophone World
    • FRH 421 French Immigrant Narratives
    • FST 205 Introduction to World Cinema
    • FST 375 Studies in Global Film History
    • FST 378 History of New Wave Cinemas
    • FST 382 Contemporary Latin American Cinema
    • FST 383 Introduction to Latin American Cinema
    • GER 202 Intermediate German II
    • GER 301 Advanced German
    • GGY 140 Introduction to Human Geography
    • GGY 180 World Regional Geography I:  Europe and the Americas
    • GLY 120 Environmental Geology
    • GLY 125 Natural Disasters
    • GGY 181 World Regional Geography II:  Africa, Asia, and Oceania
    • GGY 215 The Digital Globe
    • GGY 230 Introduction to Weather and Climate
    • HON 212 Honors Topical Seminar
    • HST 101 Western Civilization I
    • HST 102 Western Civilization II
    • HST 103 Global History 1500-1850
    • HST 104 Introduction to Global History Since 1848
    • HST 203 The Sea in History
    • HST 207 Jewish History to 1492
    • HST 208 Jewish History from 1492 to the Present
    • HST 270 Global Issues in Historial Perspectives
    • INB 300 International Business
    • INT 105 Introduction to International Studies
    • INT 316 Global Protest Movements
    • MUS 106 Exploring Music
    • MUS 345 Latin American Popular Music
    • NSG 411 Complementary and Alternative Therapies
    • NSG 480 Transcultural Nursing
    • OCN 250 Coasts and Society
    • OPS 377 International Operations Management (SCM 377)
    • PAR 125 Great Books of the Worlds’ Religions
    • PAR 230 Judaism, Christianity, and Islam
    • PAR 232 Asian Religions
    • PBH 320 Global Health
    • PLS 111 Politics and Government in Global Perspective
    • PLS 218 Ethics in International Affairs
    • PLS 220 Introduction to International Relations
    • PSY 270 Cross-cultural Psychology
    • SCM 377 International Operations Management (OPS 377)
    • SOC 240 Individuals and Societies in a Global World
    • SPN 312 Spanish American Civilization
    • SPN 412 Topics in Spanish American Civilization
    • THR 368 Contemporary British and Irish Dramatic Literature


Explorations Beyond the Classroom

  • Explorations Beyond the Classroom
    • ACG 491 Directed Individual Study
    • ACG 498 Internship In Accountancy
    • ACG 499 Honors Work In Accountancy
    • ANT 190 History Unlimited: A Short History of Nearly Everything (HST 190)
    • ANT 491 Directed Individual Study
    • ANT 498 Internship In Anthropology
    • ANT 499 Honors Work In Anthropology
    • ANTL 207 Archaeology Lab
    • ARH 499 Honors Work In Art History
    • ART 491 Directed Individual Study
    • ART 498 Internship In Art
    • ART 499 Honors Work In Art
    • ATR 449 Clinical IV in Athletic Training
    • BIO 291 Introductory Research
    • BIO 454 Herpetology
    • BIO 480 Field Studies in Biology
    • BIO 491 Directed Individual Study
    • BIO 493 Practicum in Biology Teaching
    • BIO 495 Seminar
    • BIO 498 Internship in Biological Sciences
    • BIO 499 Honors Work in Biology
    • BIOL 495 Applied Learning Seminar
    • BLA 491 Directed Individual Study
    • BLA 498 Internship in Business Law
    • BLA 499 Honors Work in Business Law
    • BUS 292 Career Essentials
    • BUS 305 Business Essentials
    • BUS 499 Honors Work in Business
    • CHM 495 Senior Seminar
    • CHM 499 Honors Work in Chemistry
    • CIT 411 Information Systems Analysis (MIS 411)
    • CLR 496 Clinical Research Internship I
    • CLR 497 Clinical Research Internship II
    • CLR 498 Senior Internship
    • COM 211 Storytelling and Culture
    • COM 212 Storytelling in the Community
    • COM 300 Applied Qualitative Research Methods
    • COM 302 Applied Qualitative Research: Analyzing Culture
    • COM 320 Interpersonal Communication II
    • COM 344 Intercultural Communication
    • COM 352 Election Campaign Communication
    • COM 374 Communication Consulting
    • COM 378 Business and Professional Communication
    • COM 413 Storytelling and Communicating Culture
    • COM 420 Critical Issues in Interpersonal Communication
    • COM 431 Integrated Marketing Communication II
    • COM 434 Public Relations II
    • COM 465 Media, Cultures, and Society
    • COM 491 Directed Individual Study
    • COM 498 Internship in Communication Studies
    • COM 499 Honors Work in Communication Studies
    • CRM 391 Public Sociology/Criminology Seminar (SOC 391)
    • CRM 405 Criminal Justice Administration
    • CRM 490 Criminal Justice Practicum
    • CRM 491 Directed Individual Study
    • CRM 496 Practicum in Public Sociology/Criminology (SOC 496)
    • CRM 499 Honors Work in Criminal Justice
    • CRW 496 Senior Seminar in Creative Writing
    • CRW 498 Internship in Writing
    • CSC 385 Professional & Ethical Issues in Computer Science
    • CSC 450 Software Engineering
    • CSC 491 Directed Individual Study
    • CSC 498 Internship in Computer Science
    • CSC 499 Honors Work in Computer Science
    • EBD 491 Directed Individual Study
    • EBD 498 Internship in Entrepreneurship and Business Development
    • EBD 499 Honors Work in Entrepreneurship and Business Development
    • ECN 491 Directed Individual Study
    • ECN 498 Internship in Economics
    • ECN 499 Honors Work in Economics
    • EDN 318 Middle School Programs and Practices
    • EDN 338 The Teaching of Science (6-9)
    • EDN 335 Social Studies Education in the Middle Grades
    • EDN 323 Teaching Mathematics in the Middle Grades (6-9)
    • EDN 352 Developing Reading and Writing Competence in the Middle Grades
    • EDN 355 Language Arts Methods for the Middle Grades
    • EDN 409 Student Teaching
    • EDN 411 Student Teaching (K-6; 6-9)
    • EDN 465 Student Teaching in Early Childhood Education (B-K)
    • EDN 466 Student Teaching for Early Childhood Practitioners
    • EDN 467 Non-Licensure Practicum in Early Childhood Settings
    • EDN 499 Honors Work in Education
    • EDNL 200 Field Studies
    • EDNL 302 Field Experience in Early Childhood Education
    • EDNL 332 Apprentice Field Experience II
    • EDNL 333 Apprentice Field Experience III
    • EDNL 407 Field Experience in Foreign Language
    • EDNL 430 Field Experience in Kindergarten
    • EDNL 450 Field Experience in Infant/Toddler Education
    • EDNL 451 Field Experience - Children With Special Needs
    • ENG 202 Introduction to Journalism
    • ENG 204 Introduction to Professional Writing
    • ENG 225 World Literature to 1600
    • ENG 290 Themes in Literature
    • ENG 302 Journalism Workshop
    • ENG 305 Professional Review Writing
    • ENG 308 Grant and Proposal Writing
    • ENG 315 Topics in Writing and Rhetoric
    • ENG 495  Senior Seminar in Literature
    • ENG 498 Internship in Writing
    • ENG 499 Honors Work In English
    • EVS 431 International Field Experience
    • EVS 491 Directed Individual Study
    • EVS 497 Practicum Environmental Studies
    • EVS 498 Internship in Environmental Studies
    • EVS 499 Honors Work in Environmental Studies
    • EVSL 195 Environmental Studies Lab
    • EXS 310 Research Methods in Exercise Science
    • EXS 497 Advanced Field Experience in Exercise Science
    • EXS 499 Honors Program in Exercise Science
    • FIN 491 Directed Individual Study
    • FIN 498 Internship in Finance
    • FIN 499 Honors Work in Finance
    • FRH 294 French Study Abroad I
    • FRH 394 French Study Abroad II
    • FRH 494 French Study Abroad III
    • FRH 491 Directed Individual Study
    • FRH 498 Internship in French
    • FRH 499 Honors Work in French
    • FST 201 Introduction to Film Production
    • FST 363 Producing the Undergraduate Film Magazine
    • FST 491 Directed Individual Study
    • FST 498 Internship in Film Studies
    • FST 499 Honors Work in Film Studies
    • GER 294 German Study Abroad I
    • GER 394 German Study Abroad II
    • GER 491 Directed Individual Study
    • GER 494 German Study Abroad III
    • GER 498 Internship in German
    • GER 499 Honors Work in German Studies
    • GGY 424 Advanced Geographic Information Systems
    • GGY 491 Directed Individual Study
    • GGY 498 Internship in Applied Geography
    • GGY 499 Honors Work in Geography
    • GLY 390 Field Methods in Geosciences
    • GLY 470 Field Course in Geology
    • GLY 491 Directed Individual Study
    • GLY 498 Internship in Geology
    • GLY 499 Honors Work in Geology
    • HEA 498 Internship in Community Health Education
    • HON 121 Honors Enrichment Seminar: Explorations Beyond the Classroom
    • HON 499 Interdisciplinary Honors Work
    • HST 190 History Unlimited: A Short History of Nearly Everything (ANT 190)
    • HST 290 The Practice of History
    • HST 499 Honors Work in History
    • INB 294 International Study Abroad
    • INB 394 International Study Abroad
    • INB 491 Directed Individual Study
    • INB 494 International Business Study Abroad
    • INB 498 Internship in International Business
    • INT 294 International Student Exchange
    • INT 491 Directed Individual Study
    • INT 494 International Student Exchange
    • INT 498 Internship in International Studies
    • INT 499 Honors Work in International Studies
    • JPN 294 Japanese Study Abroad I
    • MAT 495 Seminar in Mathematics
    • MAT 498 Internship in Mathematics
    • MAT 499 Honors Work in Mathematics
    • MGT 491 Directed Individual Study
    • MGT 498 Internship in Management
    • MGT 499 Honors Work in Management
    • MIS 411 Information Systems Analysis (CIT 411)
    • MIS 413 Systems Design/Capstone Project
    • MIS 491 Directed Individual Study
    • MIS 498 Internship in Information Systems
    • MIS 499 Honors Work in Information Systems
    • MKT 491 Directed Individual Study
    • MKT 498 Internship in Marketing
    • MKT 499 Honors Work in Marketing
    • MUS 493 Senior Recital
    • MUS 496 Senior Seminar in Music
    • MUS 499 Honors Work in Music
    • NSG 405 Community Health Nursing
    • NSG 408 Population and Community Health Nursing
    • NSG 415 Research in Nursing (RN-BS Program)
    • NSG 415 Nursing Research: Introduction to Critical Appraisal and Evidence-Based Practice (Prelicensure)
    • NSG 499 Honors Work in Nursing
    • OCN 390 Field Methods in Oceanography
    • OCN 491 Directed Individual Study
    • OCN 499 Honors Work in Oceanography
    • OPS 491 Directed Individual Study
    • OPS 498 Internship in Operations Management
    • OPS 499 Honors Work in Operations Management
    • PAR 400 Colloquium for Majors
    • PAR 499 Honors Work in Philosophy and Religion
    • PBH 497 Internship in Public Health
    • PED 499 Honors Work in Physical Education
    • PHY 300 Analog Circuits
    • PHY 315 Computational Physics and Complexity
    • PHY 400 Advanced Laboratory
    • PHY 477 Observational Methods and Data Analysis in Physical Oceanography
    • PHY 499 Honors Work in Physics
    • PLS 221 Model United Nations I - Introduction to United Nations Issues and Organization
    • PLS 294 Transnational Politics Study Abroad I
    • PLS 360 Introduction to Nonprofit Management
    • PLS 404 Campaign Management and Strategies
    • PLS 434 Nonprofit Leadership Experience
    • PLS 491 Directed Individual Study
    • PLS 494 Transnational Politics Study Abroad II
    • PLS 498 Internship in Political Science
    • PLS 499 Honors Work in Political Science
    • PSY 291 Introductory Research
    • PSY 416 Adult Development and Life Transitions
    • PSY 451 Supervised Counseling Practice
    • PSY 491 Directed Individual Study
    • PSY 499 Honors Work in Psychology
    • QMM 499 Honors Work in Quantitative Methods
    • REC 498 Internship in Recreation, Sport Leadership and Tourism Management
    • REC 499 Honors Work in Recreation, Sport Leadership and Tourism Management
    • RTH 497 Clinical Placement in Recreation Therapy
    • RTH 498 Internship in Recreation Therapy
    • RTH 499 Honors Work in Recreation Therapy
    • RUS 294 Russia Study Abroad
    • RUS 491 Directed Independent Study
    • SEC 220 Practicum Block I
    • SEC 320 Practicum Block II
    • SEC 421 Practicum Block III
    • SEC 431 Student Teaching - Secondary Education
    • SED 250 Introduction to Special Education
    • SED 260 Children and Adolescents with Learning Disabilities
    • SED 354 Curriculum and Methods of Instruction for Secondary Transition
    • SED 355 Children and Adolescents with Behavioral Disorders
    • SED 362 Teaching Students with Social, Emotional, and Behavior Problems
    • SED 367 Communication and Language: Development and Interventions
    • SED 374 Applied Behavior Analysis for Teachers
    • SED 375 Collaboration Strategies in Special Education
    • SED 411 Student Teaching in Special Education (K-12)
    • SEDL 368 Teaching Reading to Learners with Special Needs Laboratory
    • SEDL 369 Teaching Mathematics to Students with Special Needs Laboratory
    • SOC 320 Rural Sociology
    • SOC 391 Public Sociology/Criminology Seminar (CRM 391)
    • SOC 460 Sociology of Poverty
    • SOC 485 The Community
    • SOC 491 Directed Individual Study
    • SOC 496 Practicum in Public Sociology/Criminology (CRM 496)
    • SOC 499 Honors Work in Sociology
    • SPN 294 Spanish Study Abroad I
    • SPN 394 Spanish Study Abroad II
    • SPN 494 Spanish Study Abroad III
    • SPN 490 Service Learning and Research
    • SPN 491 Directed Individual Study
    • SPN 498 Internship in Spanish
    • SPN 499 Honors Work in Spanish
    • STT 490 Case Studies in Statistical Consulting
    • STT 498 Internship in Statistics
    • STT 499 Honors Work in Statistics
    • SWK 496 Field Practicum I
    • SWK 497 Field Practicum II
    • SWK 499 Honors Work in Social Work
    • THR 241 Painting and Properties Studio
    • THR 242 Production Studio I
    • THR 243 Costume and Make-Up Studio
    • THR 499 Honors Work in Theatre
    • UNI 120 Civic Engagement for Pre-Health Students
    • WGS 491 Directed Individual Study
    • WGS 498 Internship in Women's and Gender Studies


Building Competencies

  • Writing Intensive
    • ACG 445 Current Topics in Accounting
    • ANT 308 Ancient Egypt, Mesopotamia and More
    • ANT 310 The Ancient Maya
    • ANT 312 Collapse: The Fall of Complex Civilizations
    • ANT 329 Environmental Justice Ethnography
    • ANT 330 The Immigrant Experience
    • ANT 440 Seminar in Southeastern Archaeology
    • ANT 449 Three- Field Seminar in Anthropology
    • ANT 460 Public Health and Poverty
    • ARH 386 History of Photography
    • BIO 315 Comparative Vertebrate Anatomy
    • BIO 340 Plant Physiology
    • BIOL 335 Genetics Lab
    • BIOL 345 Animal Physiology Lab
    • BIO 362 Marine Biology
    • BIOL 325 Molecular Biology of the Cell Laboratory
    • BIOL 366 Ecology Lab
    • BUS 205 Business Career Preparation
    • BUS 292 Career Essentials
    • CHML 320 Physical Chemistry Laboratory I
    • CHML 321 Physical Chemistry Laboratory II
    • CHM 350 Introduction to Chemical Research
    • CIT 480 Information Technology Resource Planning and Management
    • CLA 209 Classical Literature in Translation
    • CLA 330 Women in Ancient Greece and Rome
    • CLR 310 Clinical Research Writing and Communications
    • CLR 410 Collaborative Writing for Clinical Studies
    • COM 302 Applied Qualitative Research: Analyzing Culture
    • COM 320 Interpersonal Communication II
    • COM 356 Speech Writing
    • CRM 256 Criminology: Writing Intensive
    • CRM 495 Senior Seminar
    • CRM-SOC 496 Practicum in Public Sociology/Public Criminology
    • CRM 499 Honors Work in Criminology
    • CRW 322 Editing for Publication
    • CRW 496 Senior Seminar in Creative Writing
    • CSC 385 Professional & Ethical Issues in Computer Science
    • EBD 490 Business Development and Commercialization
    • ECN 428 Regional Economics
    • ECN 429 The Economics of Growth and Development
    • ECN 477 Advanced Econometrics
    • EDN 300 Elementary School Programs and Practice
    • EDN 451 Adaptive Practices in Early Childhood
    • ENG 111 Introduction to Literature, Global Emphasis
    • ENG 202 Introduction to Journalism
    • ENG 204 Introduction to Professional Writing
    • ENG 209 Classical Literature in Translation
    • ENG 225 World Literature to 1600
    • ENG 227 World Anglophone Literatures
    • ENG 232 African American Literature
    • ENG 290 Themes in Literature
    • ENG 292 Writing for Career Essentials
    • ENG 303 Reading and Writing Arguments
    • ENG 306 Essay Writing
    • ENG 308 Grant and Proposal Writing
    • ENG 312 Writing for Business
    • ENG 313 Writing about Sciences
    • ENG 314 Digital Composing
    • ENG 317 Writing about Film
    • ENG 318 Writing and Activism
    • ENG 232 African American Literature
    • ENG 393 Writing in the Specific Disciplines
    • ENG 495 Senior Seminar in Literature
    • ENG 496 Senior Seminar in Writing and Rhetoric
    • EVS 495 Seminar in Environmental Studies
    • EXS 310 Research Methods in Exercise Science
    • FIN 330 Principles of Investments
    • FRH 319 Introduction to the Francophone World
    • FRH 411 Topics in French Studies
    • FRH 412 The Francophone World
    • FRH 421 French Immigrant Narratives
    • FRH 485 Seminar in French Film
    • FRH 499 Honors Work in French
    • FST 317 Writing about Film
    • FST 363 Producing the Undergraduate Film Magazine
    • FST 367 Film Authors
    • FST 368 Studies in Film Styles and Genres
    • FST 440 Film Theory
    • FST 445 Film Rhetoric
    • FST 480 Special Topics in World Cinema
    • FST 496 Senior Seminar in Film Studies
    • GER 202 Intermediate German II
    • GER 301 Advanced German
    • GER 307 Text and Context
    • GGY 333 Applied Climatology
    • GGY 420 Global Climate Change
    • GGY 436 Ice Age Earth
    • GGY 439 Paleoclimatology
    • GLY 331 Sedimentology and Stratigraphy
    • GLY 390 Field Methods in the Geosciences
    • HST 290 The Practice of History
    • HST 400s Advanced History Seminars
    • INT 200 Global Capitalism and its Discontents
    • INT 300 Interdisciplinarity and International Studies
    • INT 316 Global Protest Movements
    • INT 351 The Contemporary Persian Gulf
    • INT 490 Senior Seminar in International Studies
    • MAT 495 Seminar in Mathematics
    • MGT 352 International Management
    • MGT 452 Leadership and Organizational Change
    • MGT 457 Training and Development
    • MIS 411 Information Systems Analysis
    • MKT 343 Marketing Intelligence & Communication
    • MUS 351 Introduction to Music History I
    • MUS 352 Introduction to Music History II
    • NSG 316 Professional Nursing Practice of the Baccalaureate Nurse
    • NSG 330 Maternal-Infant Nursing
    • NSG 404 Health Policy
    • NSG 415 Research in Nursing (RN-BS Program)
    • NSG 415 Nursing Research: Introduction to Critical Appraisal and Evidence-Based Practice (Prelicensure)
    • OCN 390 Field Methods in Oceanography
    • OCN 490 Oceanography Capstone
    • OPS 372 Service Operations Management (SCM 372)
    • OPS 472 Project Management (SCM 472)
    • PAR 300 Philosophical Writing
    • PAR 364 Religious Views of Death and Dying
    • PAR 371 Buddhism
    • PAR 373 Chinese Religions
    • PAR 374 Japanese Religions
    • PAR 400 Colloquim for Majors
    • PBH 305 Program Planning
    • PBH 359 Research Methods in Public Health
    • PBH 452 Epidemiology
    • PLS 332 Politics of Central America
    • PLS 401 Senior Seminar
    • PLS 403 Public Opinion
    • PLS 424 International Security
    • PLS 425 International Politics
    • PSY 410 Advanced Cognitive Psychology
    • PSY 412 Sensation and Perception
    • PSY 417 Sensation and Perception
    • PSY 423 Advanced Developmental Psychology
    • PSY 425 Psychometrics
    • REC 375 Leadership and Management of Recreation Services
    • RTH 380 Assessment & Outcome Planning in Recreation Therapy
    • RTH 459 Research and Evaluation Methods
    • RTH 475 Leadership & Management in Recreation Therapy
    • PSY 464 Advanced Social and Personality Psychology
    • SCM 372 Service Operations Management (OPS 372)
    • SCM 472 Project Management (OPS 472)
    • SED 352 Behavioral Development
    • SOC 256 Criminology: Writing Intensive
    • SOC 304 Popular Culture
    • SOC 490 Sociology Senior Seminar
    • SOC 496 Practicum in Public Sociology
    • SOC 499 Honors Work in Sociology
    • SOC-CRM 496 Public Criminology Practicum
    • SPN 305 Spanish Composition
    • SPN 411 Topics in Spanish Civilization
    • SPN 412 Topics in Spanish-American Civilization
    • SPN 421 Topics in Spanish Literature
    • SPN 422 Topics in Spanish-American Literature
    • SPN 495 Seminar in Hispanic Studies
    • SPN 496 Seminar in Hispanic Linguistics
    • SPN 497 Capstone Seminar
    • STT 490 Case Studies in Statistical Consulting
    • STT 498 Internship in Statistics
    • SWK 335 Social Welfare Policies
    • SWK 355 Issues in Diversity for Generalist Practice
    • SWK 320 Human Behavior in the Social Environment 1
    • THR 165 Dramatic Heritage: Study & Analysis of Plays
    • THR 316 Playwriting I
    • THR 368 Contemporary British and Irish Dramatic Literature
    • THR 369 American Canon
    • THR 370 Theories of Theatre and Performance
    • XXX 499 Honors Thesis in XXX
  • Information Literacy
    • ANT 308 Ancient Egypt, Mesopotamia, and More
    • ANT 310 The Ancient Maya
    • ANT 312 Collapse, the Fall of Complex Civilizations
    • ANT 440 Seminar in Southeastern Archaeology
    • ANT 449 Three-Field Seminar in Anthropology
    • ATR 445 Organization and Administration in Athletic Training
    • BIO 105 Concepts in Modern Biology
    • BIO 202 Principles of Biology: Biodiversity
    • BIO 325 Molecular Biology of the Cell Lab
    • BIOL 335 Genetics Lab
    • BIOL 345 Animal Physiology Lab
    • BIO 495 Seminar
    • CHHS 492 Research and Evaluation in Human Services
    • CHM 350 Introduction to Chemical Research
    • CHM 495 Senior Seminar
    • CIT 110 Fluency in Information Technology
    • CLR 320 Scientific Literature Seminar
    • CLR 340 Study and Site Management for Clinical Trials
    • CLR 440 Bioanalytics
    • COM 200 Research Methods
    • CRM 300 Methods of Social Research
    • COM 320 Interpersonal Communication II
    • CRM 391 Public Criminology/Sociology Seminar
    • CRM 495 Senior Seminar
    • CRM 499 Honors Work in Criminology
    • CRW 204 Research for Creative Writers
    • CSC 385 Professional and Ethical Issues in Computer Science
    • ECN 477 Advanced Econometrics
    • EDN 303 Instructional Technology
    • EDN 334 Social Studies Curriculum and Instruction
    • ENG 201 College Writing and Reading II
    • ENG 202 Introduction to Journalism
    • ENG 204 Introduction to Professional Writing
    • ENG 310 Editing for Journalism and Mass Media
    • EVS 495 Seminar in Environmental Studies
    • EXS 310 Research Methods in Exercise Science
    • FRH 304 French for the Professions
    • FRH 404 Advanced French for the Professions
    • FST 370 Early Cinema
    • FST 371 History of Documentary Film
    • FST 372 History of Avante-Garde Film
    • FST 375 Studies in Global Film History
    • FST 376 American Cinema 1927-1960
    • FST 377 American Cinema Since 1961
    • FST 378 History of New Wave Cinema
    • FST 379 Studies in Film History
    • FST 381 History of Russian and Soviet Cinema
    • GGY 215 The Digital Globe
    • GGY 222 Quantitative Methods in Earth Science
    • GGY 432 Biogeography
    • GGY 495 Senior Seminar
    • GLY 337 Invertebrate Paleontology
    • GLY 495 Senior Seminar
    • HON 110 Honors Interdisciplinary Freshman Seminar
    • HST 290 The Practice of History
    • INT 300 Interdisciplinarity and International Studies
    • INT 490 Senior Seminar in International Studies
    • LIB 103 Introduction to Library Research and Technology
    • LIB 203 Lifelong Library & Information Research Skills
    • MAT 495 Seminar in Mathematics
    • MIS 313 Introduction to Management Information Systems
    • MIS 411 Information Systems Analysis
    • MKT 343 Marketing Intelligence & Communication
    • MUS 351 Introduction to Music History I
    • NSG 316 Professional Nursing Practice of the Baccalaureate Nurse
    • NSG 330 Maternal-Infant Nursing
    • NSG 404 Health Policy
    • NSG 415 Research in Nursing (RN-BS Program)
    • NSG 415 Nursing Research: Introduction to Critical Appraisal and Evidence-Based Practice (Prelicensure)
    • OCN 250 Coasts and Society
    • OCN 390 Salt Marshes and Sea Levels
    • OCN 490 Oceanography Capstone
    • OPS 300 Introduction to Business Analytics
    • OPS 370 Information Systems & Operations Management
    • PAR 125 Great Books of the World's Religions
    • PAR 225 Women and Religion
    • PAR 230 Judaism, Christianity and Islam
    • PAR 235 Introduction to the Old Testament
    • PAR 300 Philosophical Writing
    • PAR 301 Methods and Theory in Religious Studies
    • PAR 344 Religion and Popular Culture
    • PAR 362 Archaeology of Ancient Israel
    • PAR 364 Religious Views of Death and Dying
    • PAR 371 Buddhism
    • PAR 373 Chinese Religions
    • PAR 374 Japanese Religions
    • PAR 400 Colloquim for Majors
    • PBH 320 Global Health
    • PBH 359 Research Methods in Public Health
    • PBH 452 Epidemiology
    • PED 415 Adapted Physical Activity
    • PHY 315 Computational Physics and Complexity
    • PHY 335 Modern Physics
    • PHY 495 Physics Seminar
    • PLS 201 Introduction to Political Science Research Methods
    • PLS 403 Public Opinion
    • PLS 404 Campaign Management and Strategies
    • PSY 412 Sensation and Perception
    • PSY 417 Advanced Learning and Behavior
    • REC 380 Marketing for Recreation, Sport Leadership and Tourism
    • RTH 459 Research and Evaluation Method
    • RTH 480 Senior Seminar in Recreation Therapy
    • SEC 430 Seminar: Leadership, Reflection, and Management
    • SEC 431 Practicum in Secondary Education
    • SED 374 Applied Behavior Analysis for Teachers
    • SED 375 Collaboration Strategies in Special Education
    • SOC 391 Public Criminology/Sociology Seminar
    • SOC 490 Sociology Senior Seminar
    • SOC 499 Honors Work in Sociology
    • SPN 411 Topics in Spanish Civilization
    • SPN 412 Topics in Spanish-American Civilization
    • SPN 421 Topics in Spanish Literature
    • SPN 422 Topics in Spanish-American Literature
    • SPN 490 Service-Learning and Research
    • SPN 495 Seminar in Hispanic Studies
    • SPN 496 Seminar in Hispanic Linguistics
    • SPN 497 Capstone Seminar
    • STT 490 Case Studies in Statistical Consulting
    • STT 498 Internship in Statistics
    • SWK 321 Human Behavior in the Social Environment 2
    • SWK 335 Social Welfare Policies
    • SWK 355 Issues in Diversity for Generalist Practice
    • PSY 410 Advanced Cognitive Psychology
    • PSY 423 Advanced Developmental Psychology
    • PSY 425 Psychometrics
    • PSY 464 Advanced Social and Personality Psychology
    • SOC 300 Methods of Social Research
    • THR 165 Dramatic Heritage: Study and Analysis of Plays
    • UNI 101 First Year Seminar
    • UNI 201 Transfer Seminar
  • Critical Reasoning
    • ANT 450 History of Anthropological Theory
    • ARH 308 Twentieth Century Art
    • ATR 490 Clinical V in Athletic Training
    • BIOL 335 Genetics Lab
    • BIOL 366 Ecology Lab
    • CHM 365 Biochemistry
    • CHHS 492 Research and Evaluation in Human Services
    • CLR 440 Bioanalytics
    • COM 257 Argumentation and Debate
    • COM 300 Applied Qualitative Research Methods
    • COM 302 Applied Qualitative Research: Analyzing Culture
    • COM 355 Communication Analysis
    • COM 424 Applying Coordinated Management of Meaning to the World Around Us
    • CRM 301 Sociological Data Analysis and Interpretation
    • CRW 203 The Evolution of Creative Writing
    • CRW 496 Senior Seminar in Creative Writing
    • EDNL 333 Apprentice Field Experience III
    • EDN 425 Educational Policy and Advocacy
    • ENG 303 Reading and Writing Arguments
    • ENG 309 Technical Editing
    • ENG 320 Introduction to Linguistics
    • ENG 388 Rhetorical Theory before 1900
    • ENG 389 Rhetorical Theory since 1900
    • ENG 417 Research Methods in Professional Writing
    • EXS 310 Research Methods in Exercise Science
    • FRH 401 Advanced Conversation
    • FRH 412 The Francophone World
    • FST 496 Senior Seminar in Film Study
    • GGY 215 The Digital Globe
    • GGY 222 Quantitative Methods in Earth Science
    • GLY 390 Field Method in Geosciences
    • GLY 498 Internship in Geology
    • HST 400 Seminars (all)
    • HST 495 Seminar
    • INT 300 Interdisciplinarity and International Studies
    • MAT 101 Mathematics for the Liberal Arts: A Contemporary Approach
    • MAT 111 Fundamentals of Algebra
    • MAT 112 Trigonometry
    • MAT 115 PreCalculus
    • MAT 141 Fundamentals of Mathematics: Numbers, Concepts, Problems
    • MAT 142 Fundamentals of Mathematics: Geometry, Measurement, Problems
    • MAT 151 Basic Calculus with Applications I
    • MAT 152 Basic Calculus with Applications II
    • MAT 161 Calculus with Analytic Geometry I
    • MAT 162 Calculus with Analytic Geometry II
    • MAT 346 Historical Development of Analysis
    • MGT 455 Competitive Strategy
    • MIS 480 (formerly CIT 480) IT Resource Planning and Management
    • MUS 495 Seminar in Music
    • MUS 496 Senior Seminar in Music
    • NSG 409 Clinical Nursing VIII: Transition to Professional Practice
    • NSG 482 Pharmacological Evidence
    • OCN 390 Field Methods in Oceanography
    • OCN 490 Capstone in Oceanography
    • PAR 101 Invitation to Philosophical Thinking
    • PAR 115 Introduction to Ethics
    • PAR 201 History of Western Philosophy I
    • PAR 202 History of Western Philosophy II
    • PAR 211 Philosophy of Human Nature
    • PBH 400 Health, Ethics, and Policy Law
    • PED 387 Teaching Healthful Living in Secondary Schools
    • PLS 304 Introduction to Public Policy Analysis
    • PLS 334 Revolutionary Movements
    • PLS 353 American Parties and Interest Groups
    • PLS 401 Senior Seminar
    • PLS 403 Public Opinion
    • PLS 424 International Security
    • PLS 425 International Politics
    • PSY 210 Science and Pseudoscience
    • PSY 410 Advanced Cognitive Psychology
    • PSY 412 Sensation and Perception
    • PSY 417 Advanced Learning and Behavior Analysis
    • PSY 423 Developmental Psychology
    • PSY 425 Psychometrics
    • PSY 464 Advanced Social and Personality Psychology
    • REC 359 Research & Evaluation in Recreation, Sport Leadership & Tourism
    • RTH 459 Research & Evaluation Methods in Recreation Therapy
    • SED 374 Applied Behavior Analysis for Teachers
    • SOC 301 Sociological Data Analysis and Interpretation
    • SOC 490 Sociology Senior Seminar
    • SOC-CRM 496 Public Criminology Practicum
    • STT 490 Case Studies in Statistical Consulting
    • STT 498 Internship in Statistics
    • SWK 406 Research Methods for Social Work Practice I
    • THR 486 Senior Seminar: Performance
    • THR 487 Senior Seminar: Design and Technology
    • THR 488 Senior Seminar: Customized Option


Removed Courses

The following courses have been removed from the following categories and competencies:

  • Removed Courses

    MTH/STT:

    • MAT 102 Mathematics for the Liberal Arts
    • MAT 102 Mathematics for the Liberal Arts: A Classical Approach (as of 4/18/17)


    AIL:

    • SPN 422 Topics in Spanish-American Literature


    UHIB:

    • PLS 217 Ethics and Leadership in Public Life
    • PLS 341 Latino Politics
    • PLS 342 Race and Politics in the Americas
    • PLS 403 Public Opinion


    LDN:

    • COM 302 Applied Qualitative Research: Analyzing Culture (as of 5/16/17)
    • COM 246 Communication with Deaf & Hearing Impaired Persons
    • GGY 180 World Regional Geography I: Europe and the Americas
    • HST 208 Jewish History from 1492-present
    • PLS 342 Race and Politics in the Americas


    LGS:

    • FST 375 Studies in Global Film History (as of 5/16/17)
    • GGY 130 Intro to Physical Geography
    • HST 209 African American History (as of 5/16/17)
    • INT 341 Modern Russia and Eastern European Civilization
    • PLS 222 Contemporary International Political Issues
    • RTH 480 Senior Seminar in Recreation Therapy
    • SOC 350 Gender and Society


    IL:

    • CRM 496R Practicum in Public Sociology/Criminology
    • GLY 390 Field Methods in the Geosciences (as of 9/12/17)
    • MUS 285 Conducting I
    • MUS 110 Introduction to Music Technology
    • RTH 468 Program Planning and Evaluation in Recreation Therapy
    • SOC 496 Practicum in Public Sociology/Criminology


    WI:

    • CRW 203 The Evolution of Creative Writing (as of 9/12/17)
    • CRM 300 Methods of Social Research (as of 5/16/17)
    • ENG 210 / CLA 210 Mythology
    • ENG 230 Women in Literature (as of 4/18/17)
    • ENG 233 The Bible as Literature (as of 4/18/17)
    • ENG 388 Rhetorical Theory to 1900 (as of 9/12/17)
    • GLY 498 Internship in Geology (as of 9/12/17)
    • MGT 458 Compensation and Performance Evaluation
    • PAR 336 New Testament Literature
    • PLS 352 American Political Culture
    • RTH 468 Program Planning and Evaluation in Recreation Therapy
    • SOC 300 Methods of Social Research (as of 5/16/17)