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Recommendations are suggested for unobstructed views to Hoggard Hall.

2. Historic Core

Character

As the icon image for the establishment of the University, the Historic Core Garden will extend through the Entry Garden, out to College Road and connect Alderman, Hoggard and James Halls. This garden will emphasize the heritage of the University with a plant material pallet emphasizing plants of the past. The formality of these gardens will be organized about the main axis with the Live Oaks, perennial borders and a great lawn. This garden space will be experienced both by vehicles passing along College and Wagoner Roads as well as by the pedestrian walking through the quad. Views from College Road will be strategically broadened to capture and enhance the view down the axis. The gardens of the Historic Core will be highly maintained and will provide intense seasonal color throughout the year.

Recommendations

  1. Maintain open central lawn with unobstructed view to Hoggard Hall. Relocate flagpole and canon to a secondary location.
  2. Planting in the circular island at Wagoner Drive should be replaced with a gently mounded lawn panel or simple, elegant fountain.
  3. The views to the Historic Core should be broadened from College Road. Push the treeline back by removing the existing River Birch. Relocate plants at College Road which impede views as well.
  4. Introduce perennial and shrub beds that provide a year-round explosion of color and detail. These beds are to occur at the foundations of Alderman, Hoggard and James Halls. Early American heritage plants will be used which represent the southern historic gardening era.
  5. Broaden plant beds along both sides of the linear brick walk leading to College Road. A larger scale gardening arrangement should be introduced here with evergreen hedge material framing the spaces and flowering ground cover panels in front of the hedge. The Cape Fear Garden Club should be involved in the changes to this garden space.
  6. Through consultation with an Arborist, study the health of the Live Oaks.
  7. Propagation of plants from prominent local gardens (i.e., Orton Plantation and Kenan House) will provide an important link to the local garden history. These plants will require a prominent location in the Historic Core Gardens.
  8. Linear landscape areas within the existing brick walk between Wagoner Drive and College Road should be filled in with brick to simplify the treatment here and create a wider walkway.
  9. Remove the one remaining Kwanzan Cherry in front of Hoggard Hall once it shows signs of decline. This species is typically short-lived and should be replaced with a flowering tree of a different variety.

Maintenance

A high level of maintenance will be important for this zone. The perennials and annual flowers will require constant attention.

The central lawn should continue to be maintained as a well-kept lawn. This large expanse of green is critical to the garden space and should represent the finest lawn example on the campus.

Issues:

  • Perennials will require constant attention in the removal of dead flower heads and division of plants.
  • Foundation shrubs should be shaped to maintain a manicured appearance.
  • Leaf litter from shade trees will require continuous clean-up in plant beds.
  • Oak trees and other shade trees will need deep root feeding and monitoring.
  • Lawn adjacent to plant beds will require edging for a highly manicured appearance.
  • The great lawn will require a detailed maintenance program.
  • Irrigation system care and checks are necessary.

Plant Palette

Shade Trees

Acer rubrum 'October Glory'/October Glory Red Maple
Quercus falcata/Southern Red Oak
Quercus laurifolia/Darlington Oak
Quercus phellos/Willow Oak
Quercus virginiana/Live Oak

Evergreen Trees

Ilex opaca/American Holly
Magnolia grandiflora/Southern Magnolia
Pinus palustris/Longleaf Pine

Ornamental Trees

Albizia julibrissin/Mimosa
Cercis canadensis/Redbud
Cornus florida/Flowering Dogwood
Cotinus coggygria/Smoke Tree
Lagerstroemia indica/Crape Myrtle
Magnolia x. soulangiana/Saucer Magnolia

Specimen Shrubs

Camellia japonica/Japanese Camellia
Ficus carica/Common Fig Tree
Hibiscus syriacus/Rose of Sharon
Hydrangea paniculata grandiflora/Pee Gee Hydrangea
Magnolia grandiflora 'Little Gem'/Little Gem Magnolia
Michelia figo/Banana Shrub
Nerium oleander/Oleander
Osmanthus fragrans/Sweet Olive
Philadelphus coronarius/Mock Orange
Punica granatum/Pomegranate

Hedge and Foundation Shrubs

Rosa species/Antique Rose Cultivars
Buxus microphylla/Littleleaf Boxwood
Camellia sasanqua/Sasanqua Camellia
Cephalotaxus harringtonia/Plum Yew
Ilex crenata 'Compacta'/Dwarf Japanese Holly
Prunus laurocerasus/English Laurel

Shrubs for Mass and Color

Abelia x. grandiflora 'Sherwood'/Sherwood Abelia
Chaenomeles japonica/Dwarf Japanese Quince
Prunus glandulosa/Dwarf Flowering Almond
Spiraea japonica 'Little Princess'/Japanese Spiraea
Spiraea thunbergii/Baby's Breath Spiraea

Ground Covers

Aspidistra elatior/Cast Iron Plant
Cyrtomium falcatum/Holly Leaf Fern
Hedera helix/English Ivy
Helleborus orientalis/Lenten-Rose
Ophiopogon japonicus/Monkey Grass
Trachelospermum asiaticum/Asian Jasmine

Perennials/Biennials/Bulbs

Aster Foxglove
Astilbe Hollyhock
Bee Balm Hosta
Bleeding Heart Iris
Candytuft Lambs Ear
Columbine Phlox
Coral Bells Shasta Daisy
Daffodils Snowflake
Delphiniums Surprise Lily