Disability Categories

Learning Disabilities

Learning Disabilities is a generic term that refers to a heterogeneous group of disorders manifested by significant difficulties in the acquisition and use of listening, speaking, writing, reading, reasoning, or mathematical abilities or of social skills.

Examples include dyslexia, dysgraphia, dysphasia, dyscalculia, and other LDs in the basic psychological or neurological process. Such disorders do not include learning problems which are due to primary visual, hearing, or motor impairments, mental retardation, emotional disturbance, or an environmental deprivation.

Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder

Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder, or AD/HD, is a neurobiological disorder characterized by problems with attention, impulsivity, and overactivity which often results in problems with limited alertness, and can adversely affect educational performance. Science recognizes three subtypes of AD/HD (inattentive, hyperactive-impulsive, and combined). A diagnosis of one type or another depends on the specific symptoms (i.e. the "diagnostic criteria") that exhibited by the individual.

Hearing Impairments

A hearing loss of 30 decibels or greater, pure tone average of 500, 1000, 2000 Hz ANSI, unaided, in the better ear.

Examples include but are not limited to conductive hearing impairment or deafness, sensorineural hearing impairment or deafness, high or low tone hearing loss or deafness, and acoustic trauma hearing loss or deafness.

Visual Impairments

Included in this category are disorders in the structure and functions of the eye as manifested by at least one of the following:

Examples of visual impairments include, but are not limited to: cataracts, glaucoma, nystagmus, retinal detachment, retinitis pigmentosa, and strabismus.

Physical Disabilities

Musculoskeletal and connective tissue disorders, as well as neuromuscular disorders, are physically disabling conditions which may require adaptation of the physical environment or curriculum.

Examples include, but are not limited to:.

Cerebral Palsy

Multiple Sclerosis

Thrombosis (stroke)

Arthritis and Rheumatism


Head and/or Spinal Cord Injury

Absence of Some
Body Member


Congenital Malformation of Brain Cellular Tissue

Nerve Damage


Parkinson's Disease


and physical disorders pertaining to muscles and nerves, usually as a
result of disease or birth defect, including but not limited to
Muscular Dystrophy and congenital muscle disorders.

Speech Impairments

These impairments include disorders of language, articulation, fluency, or voice which interfere with communication, pre-academic or academic learning, vocational training, or social adjustment.

Examples include but are not limited to cleft lip and/or palate with speech impairment, stammering, stuttering, laryngectomy and aphasia.

Other Impairments

Not limited to conditions listed below.

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