Mus 115

Classical Era Study Guide

 

 

Part IV The Classical Period, (pages 145-149)

·      Age of Enlightenment

·      Industrial Revolution

·      Rise of the Middle Class

·      Pursuit of Happiness

·      Art and Entertainment

 

The Classical Style (pages 150-153)

·      Characteristics of Classical Style

·      Classical Orchestra

 

Composer, Patron, etc. (pages153-156)

 

Sonata Form (pages 156-161)

·      Symphony No. 40 in G minor, K.550, first movement (Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart)

·      Exposition

·      Development

·      Recapitulation

             

Theme and Variations (pages 161-164)

·      Symphony No. 94, second movement (Franz Joseph Haydn)

 

 

Minuet and Trio (pages 164-166)

·      Eine Kleine Nachtmusik, third movement (Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart) 

           

Rondo (pages166-167)

·      String Quartet in C Minor, Op. 18, No. 4, fourth movement (Ludwig van Beethoven)

 

The Classical Symphony (page 168)

 

The Classical Concerto (pages 169-170)

 

Chamber Music (page 170)

 

Joseph Haydn (1732-1809), (pages 170-173)

 

Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart (1756-1791) (pages 173-182)

·      Don Giovanni

 

Ludwig van Beethoven (1770-1827) (pages188-201)

·      Symphony No. 5 in C Minor, Op. 67

 

Music characteristics

 

Dynamics

·      Many different dynamic levels, (written into the musical score)

 

Melody

·      Short and symmetrical

·      Contrasting melodies within same piece (sonata-allegro form)

 

Rhythm

·      Driving rhythms with cadences

·      contrasting rhythms within same piece

 

Harmony

·      Major/minor tonal system, mostly diatonic, consonant, occasional use of chromaticism

 

Texture

·      Mostly homophonic

 

Timbre

·      Four orchestral families, strings, woodwinds, brass, percussion,

·      Piano

·      No continuo

 

Form

·      In general very important,

·      Sonata-allegro

·      Theme and variations

·      Minuet and Trio

·      Rondo

 

Genre

·      Symphony

·      Sonata

·      Opera

·      Chamber music, string quartet

·      Concerto

 

Emotion

·      Light, beautiful, lyrical, for entertainment purposes

·      Music becomes emotional with Beethoven