General Strategies for Study Skills Sessions
1. Always be positive. Regardless of how your day is going, make sure you are focused and responsive to the student’s needs.
2. Allow student to start the discussion. You may use the “Tutee Self-Assessment” form or the "Tutee Assessment Rubric" form to evaluate a student’s attitudes, background, and concerns. Never be judgmental or lack compassion.
3. Many students who recieve academic mentoring are freshman trying to cope with their new, increased work load. Often they are overwhelmed and simply need guidance in basic study approaches.
4. Your primary goal is not to add more studying time to a student’s day (though you may have to) but to make their current study habits more effective.
5. For most students, study skills issues stem from procrastination and lack of time-management. Most of them have never had to study before (in high school), or they have developed bad habits such as procrastination. Helping them overcome these bad habits will be a large part of the battle. Every student is different, but strategies like using a daily planner and scheduling study times are important.
6. The idea of spaced practice is essential for better processing of information. Students must learn to study multiple days in a week for shorter periods of time. Anything over two hours is considered “marathon studying” and is often not beneficial. Most individuals only have around 45 minutes to an hour and a half of true mental concentration. Counsel students to use shorter, more frequent sessions for effective studying.
7. Advise students to study one subject at a time. Even if an assignment only takes 20 minutes, encourage them to take a short break before continuing. This will limit retroactive and proactive interference in the brain.
8. Use operant conditioning with students. They do not necessarily have to know this term, but explain to them the idea of studying first and then rewarding themselves.
9. Many students will need a formula for properly preparing for an exam. Though different for all, a five-day approach can be effective. Instead of cramming ten hours the night before an exam, break down those ten hours over the course of five days. A possible schedule:
- A day of overall review
- A day for the most difficult material
- A group day to verbally discuss and analyze the material
- A self-quiz day
- A review day to connect the material into a broad understanding.
10. Some students struggle with test anxiety. Though some of this anxiety can be relieved by content knowledge, they may need more direct approaches. Some strategies to suggest to the student:
- Try to predict and create practice questions similar to exam questions. Have others ask you these question in order to simulate the exam.
- Do not cram moments before the test (allow at least an hour of down time before an exam).
- On test day, sit in the front of the classroom so as not to be distracted by other students.
11. Advise students to find a place to study that is free from distractions. Though this sounds like common sense, you may be amazed at how many students try and force themselves to study in a loud dorm room or another crowded place.
12. Encourage students to read (or at least skim) the textbook before class to prime their brain for the information their professors will be providing.
13. Make sure students are effective in what they are doing. For example, note cards may be a great way for one person to study. However, many students will spend four hours making note cards and only two hours reviewing them. This is not effective. Encourage them to only make note cards of the main ideas and to really summarize the information so that they have a manageable stack of cards they can really study.
14. Students need to make “notes of their notes.” Never have a student simply re-copy their notes. Have student condense their notes in their own words with only the main ideas and concepts.
15. Talk to students about discussing problems with their professors. While you may be able to give them general advice, a professor may be able to give them a more specific approach to their course. Make sure the student knows that the professors are there for them, but they must take the first step.
16. Note-taking tends to be a problem for a number of students. Having them use a tape-recorder, cross-reference their friend’s notes, take power point lectures to class, etc. Accurate notes are the key to the exam; if students do not take good notes, they are not starting off well.
17. Some students need help with multiple choice questions. A help sheet of direct approaches to multiple choice questions is available as hard copy in the ULC lobby or can be found in the Study Skills Handouts.
18. Ask the students if they know their learning style. If so, guide their study habits around this style of learning.
19. Don’t overwhelm students with too much material. Find out their major issues and concentrate on those. Give them some direct study tips to help with their issues and have them practice a few techniques. Remember, a student can always come back if they feel like they need more help with specific strategies or if a strategy is not working for them.
20. Sometimes a student may get emotional and need more help than you, as a study skills consultant, can provide. In cases such as these, it may be a good idea to discreetly suggest the Counseling Center (located on the 2nd floor of DePaolo Hall) as a resource.